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  • Air pollution: A major threat to health

    2017-12-08 06:24:44.0
    Nanditha

    As the person breathes, the pollutants like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ...

    Air pollution: A major threat to health

    As the person breathes, the pollutants like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter like PM 2.5 and PM 10, present in the atmosphere enter the body and affects the system

    Air pollution is harmful for health. Long-term exposure to polluted air can have permanent health effects such as loss of lung capacity and decreased lung function. It might also cause other diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly cancer. Many factors contribute to the increased level of pollutants in the air. Some of the sources of air pollution are :-

    - Fuel combustion from motor vehicles
    - Residential cooking, heating, and lighting with polluting fuels
    - Agricultural waste sites and waste incineration/burning
    - Heat and power generation from oil, coal and thermal power plants and boilers
    - Industrial facilities like manufacturing factories, mines, and oil refineries.

    As the person breathes, the pollutants like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter like PM 2.5 and PM 10, present in the atmosphere enter the body and affects the system. Some of the preventive measures to reduce pollution are:-

    - Walk down or use a bicycle for a short distance

    - Try to use public transport

    - Get the car serviced regularly

    - Opt for carpool to office and back

    - Switch-off all the lights and fans when not required

    - Take appropriate measures at the construction sites to reduce pollution

    - Avoid burning the agriculture waste

    - Do not smoke

    - Do not burn dry leaves or other materials

    - Use of smokeless chulas in the rural areas

    - Avoid using cow-dung or wood for cooking

    - Prefer using clean fuel for cooking

    It is important that these concerns are addressed urgently and appropriately. Take precautions when the pollution level in the air is high and act to reduce air pollution and ensure a healthy future.

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