APN News

  • Monday, March, 2021| Today's Market | Current Time: 09:03:43
  • A report on India’s extant and anticipated cooling demand was launched in the presence of senior leadership from the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy, Govt. of Germany and the Ministry of Power and Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India. The key note address was delivered by Mr Anil Kumar Jain, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India.

    Commissioned by Indo-German Energy Forum, on behalf of Bureau of Energy Efficiency, and prepared by Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy, the report is a demand analysis for cooling, by sector, in India for the years 2017 and 2027. It deep-dives into India’s cooling demand in buildings, mobile air-conditioning, refrigeration, cold-chain and process cooling in industries, and identifies key technological, operational and market interventions for the largest energy and carbon savings in cooling.

    There is the much-needed recognition of cooling as a developmental imperative, especially in the milieu of the launch of the India Cooling Action Plan (draft) by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India, in September 2018. India, which currently has one of the lowest access to cooling across the world, is poised for rapid and significant growth in cooling demand. While this growth aligns with the country’s economic and social development, it will come with adverse impacts in the form of significant additional power generation capacity, peak load impacts, and an enormous carbon footprint. The criticality of addressing the future of cooling in India cannot be overstated, particularly against the backdrop of international climate treaties of Paris and Kigali.

    The report brings to the fore the following sound bites to drive the discourse on sustainable cooling in India: (1) India’s cooling energy consumption is expected to grow around 2.2 times in 2027 over the current baseline; (2) Known interventions can help cut down cooling energy consumption by 17% in the next decade and help avoid around 50 medium-sized power plants dedicated to cooling; (3) Known interventions can help cut down cooling-related carbon emission by 20% in the next decade; (4) Space cooling in buildings will continue to dominate India’s cooling energy demand at around 60% share; (5) India’s room AC stock-in-use will reach 170 million units in 2027; (6) Fans and air coolers will consume more electricity than all large AC systems combined in the next decade.

    The report recommends addressing space cooling in the building sector as a priority area for intervention and leveraging global best practices and bringing the best available technology (BAT) to the Indian market. Whilst alluding to the philosophy of ‘thermal comfort for all’, Dr Satish Kumar, President & Executive Director, Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy, emphasised, “Policy, R&D and technology must work in tandem to tackle India’s cooling conundrum.”