APN News

  • Sunday, December, 2021| Today's Market | Current Time: 10:50:20
  • By Mr. Kamlesh Shah

    Alternate President at Association of National Exchanges Members of India (ANMI)

    Technology is evolving at a rapid speed and so is our life and businesses. This ever changing development has as much touched the way of trading is being practiced. Technology and digitization has helped the capital market grow 100% and seamless services to investors were made possible.

    Especially, in the trying times of the COVID19 pandemic, technology has throw open many opportunities, including a new upcoming generation of traders who are considering trading as a full-time career. One such technology that revamped stock market trading is algorithmic trading, which has accommodated traders with competitive edge to better their skills and stands poised to outstrip traditional trading methods in future.

    Algorithmic Trading was introduced and allowed in India in the 2008 by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI. Initially, it was started with Direct Market Access (DMA) and was restricted to institutional investors only, but due to the cost advantage and better execution, the trading community welcomed it with open arms. Exchanges has also played an important role in its adoption by offering co-location server ‘racks’ on lease to broking firms in June 2010, to improve trading speed and align with international markets.

    Decoding algorithmic trading

    Algorithmic trading refers to the use of programs and computers to generate and execute (large) orders in markets with electronic access. It generates speed and frequency that is impossible for a manual trader. Algorithmic trading strategies involve making trading decisions on the basis of pre-set rules that are programmed into a computer. A trader or investor writes code that executes trades on behalf of the trader or investor when specified conditions are met.

    The pre-set rules are generally based on timing, price, quantity, or any mathematical model. Apart from profit opportunities for the trader, algo-trading renders markets more liquid and trading more systematic by ruling out the impact of human emotions and errors on trading activities.

    Since algorithms are written beforehand and are executed automatically, the main advantage is speed. Besides, it promotes features such as automation eliminates human intervention and emotions, minimizes slippages, allows flexibility and promotes ease of use, provides extensive data mining and explorations, and safeguards and warning system against most common human errors.

    Risk management

    The beauty of Algo trading is that it comes with aspects such back – testing, where individual can run their strategy and see potential outcomes. One could also try simulation in Algo trading that allows users to test their strategy real-time but with no actual trades to exchange. However, one should only deploy algorithm when they are completely sure.

    Also, risk management in algorithmic trading allows setting limits at multiple levels. While some risks associated with technology and capital will still remain, the rewards far outweigh the risks.

    The future possibilities of Algo trading

    Algorithm is a brainchild of human. It can work on all possibilities as far as a human mind can think of. Algo strategies are designed taking into consideration market behavior, including volatilities and uncertain conditions. It is important to understand the strategy and deploy it as per market condition with the help of back-testing and simulation tools. Algo trading allows switching from one strategy to other depending upon market condition.

    With the use of latest technology tools such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, and use of big data, Algo trading is poised for further revolutionize the way of trading. In the developed markets currently, the share of algorithmic trading in volume terms stands around 70%-80%, while in India it is approximately at 50%. In ther coming years, algo will capture market share in excess of 95% with volume growing many folds. So ‘future of trading is Algo’ and Algo is the future.